Day 36: Different ways of making marks
Another classroom lesson.
A drawing is made up of marks on paper. There are different ways of making marks.
The following exercise was to draw the same shapes but using different types of marks.
In the example below (clockwise from top left) I’ve used shading, crosshatching, dashes and points.
All self explanatory.
The shading example I have done “from ground”. This means initially shading the whole square evenly with a piece of graphite and then erasing where I wanted light areas.No too impressed with my crosshatching effort, I think I was feeling lazy because I have done quite a lot of cross hatching before, and I prefer doing it in pen.
The bottom two images are dots on the left and dashes on the right.
With both of them I found edges the hardest thing, they seemed a bit blurred.
I had another go at the dot technique, below, this time I drew the edges in first lightly with pencil and did the dots with a fine felt tip pen, then erased the pencil when the ink had dried.At first this is really boring! But after a while I got into it, it can be quite absorbing.
On a couple of occasions the dotting became a bit too quick and they skidded into dashes.
Doing dots it’s harder to make mistakes because you are adding just a little at a time.
Sometimes, for example with the broccoli, the dots are so close together that they virtually become lines.
A couple of other things came up in this lesson:
Constructing a cylinder
To draw a cylinder construct a box with a square base using the two-point perspective method.
It will then be easier to sketch in the circular ends.
How artists used to work in the past
I always assumed that artists learned their skills and then drew their drawings free-hand. But it turns out they used certain devices to help them.
For example they would use a stationary point and close one eye so that they were viewing the subject from exactly the same point every time.
Other methods were also employed like projecting images onto a screen and then tracing over the projected image. This was done using variations of a “camera obscura” ( a darkened room with a small hole at one end which let rays of light in from the illuminated subject outside)
Albrecht Durer even did woodcuts of the method he used. I suppose it was the height of technology!
If you google “van gogh The Church at Auvers” and look under the images tab, you will see many versions of the same drawing, showing that he had some way of duplicating the initial image, which was probably done with some sort of camera obscura.
Vermeer has also been accused of using lenses to project images. The evidence being tell tale distortions and chromatic aberrations in his paintings.
So I guess the conclusion is….. I don’t know… don’t make life hard for yourself when drawing?
Time spent on drawing and drawing related activities
Time spent drawing since last session: 4:56
Total time drawing: 87:40
Time spent developing website/blogging since last session: 1:42
Total time developing website/blogging: 76:53
Time spent on social media since last session: 0:00
Total time on social media: 22:42
Time spent on reading/studying since last session: 0:00
Total time on reading/studying: 6:37